a) The definite article
Surayt has a definite article, which can have different forms: one for singular masculine nouns |u ܐܘ|, one for singular feminine nouns |i ܐܝ | and one for plural nouns of both grammatical genders |a ܐܰ+ initial letter of the noun that it determines|. Plural nouns that begin with a vowel always take on the article |an ܐܰܢ|, whilst the |n ܢ| is doubled in the pronunciation. The definite article precedes the noun that it determines, e.g.:
The definite article is always stressed, which is, however, not expressed in the spelling: |gáwro ܓܰܘܪܐ| but |ú-gawro ܐܘ ܓܰܘܪܐ|; |áṯto ܐܰܬ݂ܬܐ| but |í-aṯto ܐܝ ܐܰܬ݂ܬܐ|; |nóše ܢܳܫܶܐ| but |án-noše ܐܰܢ ܢܳܫܶܐ|.
Proper names can take on the definite article yet the meaning is thereby not altered:
b) The personal pronouns
The following paradigm lists the forms of independent personal pronouns: