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Grammar 3

a) The definite article

Surayt has a definite article, which can have different forms: one for singular masculine nouns |u ܐܘ|, one for singular feminine nouns |ܐܝ | and one for plural nouns of both grammatical genders |a ܐܰ+ initial letter of the noun that it determines|. Plural nouns that begin with a vowel always take on the article |an ܐܰܢ|, whilst the |n ܢ| is doubled in the pronunciation. The definite article precedes the noun that it determines, e.g.:

u gawro the man ܐܘ ܓܰܘܪܐ
i aṯto the woman ܐܝ ܐܰܬ݂ܬܐ
ab babe the fathers ܐܰܒ ܒܰܒܶܐ
an emoṯe the mothers ܐܰܢ ܐܶܡܳܬܼܶܐ
The definite article is always stressed, which is, however, not expressed in the spelling: |gáwro ܓܰܘܪܐ| but |ú-gawro ܐܘ ܓܰܘܪܐ|; |áṯto ܐܰܬ݂ܬܐ| but |í-aṯto ܐܝ ܐܰܬ݂ܬܐ|; |šܢܳܫܶܐ| but |án-noše ܐܰܢ ܢܳܫܶܐ|: Proper names can take on the definite article yet the meaning is thereby not altered:
u Aday / Aday (the) Aday ܐܘ ܐܰܕܰܝ : ܐܰܕܰܝ
i Saro / Saro (the) Saro ܐܝ ܣܰܪܐ : ܣܰܪܐ

b) The personal pronouns

The following paradigm lists the forms of independent personal pronouns:

Singular Plural
ono I ܐܳܢܐ aḥna we ܐܰܚܢܰܐ
hat you ܗܰܬ hatu you ܗܰܬܘ


hënne they ܗܷܢܢܶܐ