The editing screen requires at least 450 pixels of horizontal space. Please rotate your device or use one with a bigger screen.

Grammar 3

a) The definite article

Surayt has a definite article, which can have different forms: one for singular masculine nouns |u ܐܘ|, one for singular feminine nouns |ܐܝ | and one for plural nouns of both grammatical genders |a ܐܰ+ initial letter of the noun that it determines|. Plural nouns that begin with a vowel always take on the article |an ܐܰܢ|, whilst the |n ܢ| is doubled in the pronunciation. The definite article precedes the noun that it determines, e.g.:

u gawro the man ܐܘ ܓܰܘܪܐ
i aṯto the woman ܐܝ ܐܰܬ݂ܬܐ
ab babe the fathers ܐܰܒ ܒܰܒܶܐ
an emoṯe the mothers ܐܰܢ ܐܶܡܳܬܼܶܐ
The definite article is always stressed, which is, however, not expressed in the spelling: |gáwro ܓܰܘܪܐ| but |ú-gawro ܐܘ ܓܰܘܪܐ|; |áṯto ܐܰܬ݂ܬܐ| but |í-aṯto ܐܝ ܐܰܬ݂ܬܐ|; |šܢܳܫܶܐ| but |án-noše ܐܰܢ ܢܳܫܶܐ|: Proper names can take on the definite article yet the meaning is thereby not altered:
u Aday / Aday (the) Aday ܐܘ ܐܰܕܰܝ : ܐܰܕܰܝ
i Saro / Saro (the) Saro ܐܝ ܣܰܪܐ : ܣܰܪܐ

b) The personal pronouns

The following paradigm lists the forms of independent personal pronouns:

Singular Plural
ono I ܐܳܢܐ aḥna we ܐܰܚܢܰܐ
hat you ܗܰܬ hatu you ܗܰܬܘ

hiye
hiya

he
she
ܗܝـܝܶܐ
ܗܝـܝܰܐ
hënne they ܗܷܢܢܶܐ