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a) The suffixed possessive pronoun
The possessive pronoun has two forms (cf. grammar unit 10), one independent form and one that is suffixed to the noun. The suffixed possessive pronoun has a general series and a restricted series. The latter is particularly used when speaking about relatives or body parts.
1. The (suffixed) possessive determiner
The general series includes the following suffixes:
Those suffixes are appended to the noun. Any vowel ending is deleted. The noun is always definite:
2. The restricted series
This series is restricted to family members and body parts. Furthermore, it includes a few exceptions such as xabro ܟ݂ܰܒܪܐ „word“, ëšmo ܐܷܫܡܐ „name“, šuġlo ܫܘܓ݂ܠܐ „work“, cëmro ܥܷܡܪܐ „age“. These can also take the general suffixes. The restricted series has the following suffixes:
The suffix 1.pl. -an ـܰܢ can alternatively be spelled -ayna ـܰܝܢܰܐ. The suffixes of the restricted series appended to ëšmo ܐܷܫܡܐ „Name“ are as follows:
Once again, the suffix is appended to the noun, which must not be determined by a definite article: By appending the suffix the ending of the noun is omitted:
b) The demonstrative pronoun
The demonstrative pronoun has two forms, one that is independent and one that is appended (suffixed) to the noun.
1. The independent demonstrative pronoun
2. The suffixed demonstrative pronoun
As the suffixed possessive pronouns of the general series, the suffixed demonstrative pronoun is also appended to the noun. The noun, however, is always determined by the definite article. Examples: