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The phonetic system – consonants

Surayt possesses consonantal sounds, that need to be further explained because their pronunciation is foreign-sounding from the perspective of many languages. These consonants consist of the following:

c voiced (pharyngeal) sound, made deep in the throat ܥ
cayno eye ܥܰܝܢܐ
arbco four ܐܰܪܒܥܐ
tašciṯo story ܬܰܫܥܝܬ݂ܐ
č voiceless sound, like English "ch" in: church ܫ̰
čanṭa bag ܫ̰ܰܢܛܰܐ
čaket jacket ܫ̰ܰܟܶܬ
käčal bald head ܟܱܫ̰ܰܠ
voiced interdental sound, like English "th" in: this ܕ݂
aḏno ear ܐܰܕ݂ܢܐ
ceḏo feast ܥܶܕ݂ܐ
qḏolo neck ܩܕ݂ܳܠܐ
ġ voiced sound, similar to gargling, resembles the German uvular "r" in: drei, or the French pronunciation of Paris ܓܼ
ġalṭo mistake ܓ݂ܰܠܛܐ
darġo stair ܕܰܪܓ݂ܐ
kaġat paper ܟܰܓ݂ܰܬ
voiceless (pharyngeal) h-sound, made deep in the throat ܚ
ḥolo uncle ܚܳܠܐ
aḥuno brother ܐܰܚܘܢܐ
qaḥwa coffee ܩܰܚܘܰܐ
j voiced sound, like English "j" in: jungle ܔ
jëddo grandfather ܔܷܕܕܳܐ
jirane neighbour ܔܝܪܰܢܶܐ
fujo honeydew melon ܦܘܔܐ
q a sound similar to "q", but articulated very far back in the uvula (throat) ܩ
qaḥwa coffee ܩܰܚܘܰܐ
qḏolo neck ܩܕ݂ܳܠܐ
carquwo heel ܥܰܪܩܘܘܐ
r r-sound with a rolled tongue ܪ
rabëc spring ܪܰܒܷܥ
abro son ܐܰܒܪܐ
rastorant restaurant ܪܰܣܬܳܪܰܢܬ
s corresponds to the voiceless "s" as in English: sun ܣ
sëdro class ܣܷܕܪܐ
sësyo horse ܣܷܣܝܐ
nisën april ܢܝܣܷܢ
š voiceless sound like English "sh" in: sheep ܫ
šato year ܫܰܬܐ
dašëšto milk rice ܕܰܫܷܫܬܐ
gušmo body ܓܘܫܡܐ
(velarized) s-sound pronounced with the back of the tongue raised ܨ
ṣafro morning ܨܰܦܪܐ
ṣërto picture ܨܷܪܬܐ
caṣriye evening ܥܰܨܪܝـܝܶܐ
(velarized) t-sound pronounced with the back of the tongue raised ܛ
ṭëbbax august ܛܷܒܒܰܟܼ
bayṭar veterinarian ܒܰܝܛܰܪ
qaṭiro yoghurt ܩܰܛܝܪܐ
voiceless interdental, like English "th" in: thousand ܬܼ
iqarṯo family ܐܝܩܰܪܬ݂ܐ
aṯto woman ܐܰܬ݂ܬܐ
barṯo daughter ܒܰܪܬܼܐ
v voicedf,corresponds to the "v" in English ܒ݂
villa villa ܒ݂ܝܠܠܰܐ
Viyana Vienna ܒ̣ܝܝܰܢܰܐ
talavizyon television ܬܰܠܰܒܼܝܙܝܳܢ
w corresponds to the English "w" ܘ
ḥawro friend ܚܰܘܪܐ
wacdo appointment ܘܰܥܕܐ
cawodo worker ܥܰܘܳܕܐ
x voiceless sound like the "ch" in Scottish "loch" or German "Buch" ܟ݂
xabro word ܟ݂ܰܒܪܐ
dmoxo sleep ܕܡܳܟ݂ܐ
maṭbax kitchen ܡܰܛܒܰܟ݂
z corresponds to the English "z" ܙ
zabno time ܙܰܒܢܐ
mazlo walking ܡܰܙܠـܐ
cezo goat ܥܶܙܐ
ž voicedsh-sound, like the French pronunciation of "j" in "Jean" ܙ̰
žäbaše watermelon ܙ̰ܱܒܰܫܶܐ
Aržantin Argentina ܐܰܪܙ̰ܰܢܬܝܢ
dëžmën enemy ܕܷܙ̰ܡܷܢ