a) The adjective
In the singular, adjectives have a masculine and a feminine form respectively, whilst in the plural they have one common form.
The regular forms end in -o ܐܳ (m.), -to/-ṯo ܬ݂ܐ܇ܬܐ (f.) and -e ܐܶ (Pl.):
As a qualifier the adjective follows the noun it describes. Noun and adjective agree in number and gender:
1. Prepositions in general
The most common prepositions are b ܒـ “in”, bëṯr ܒܷܬ݂ܪ ”behind”, cal ܥܰܠ “on”, cam ܥܰܡ “with”, gab ܓܰܒ “at, next, to”, l ܠـ “for, to, into”, laf ܠܰܦ “toward(s)”, m ܡـ, me ܡܶܐ “from, of, out of”, qëm ܩܷܡ “in front of”, s ܣـ, se ܣܶܐ “at, next to”, taḥt ܬܰܚܬ „under“.
Short prepositions are written in one word with the article:
2. Prepositions with suffixes
Prepositions can take on personal pronominal suffixes. In doing so, the prepositions may alter.
The personal pronominal suffixes that are appended to the prepositions correspond to the possessive suffixes of the restricted series introduced in Grammar 5a.2.
Preceding the suffixes, the prepositions appear as follows:
In the plural, prepositions can take on both the short and the long form interchangeably.