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a) The genitive construction
The genitive construction consists of two nouns whose relation is expressed by means of the particle /d/:
The parts of the genitive construction agree in their definiteness. Hence, if the first part is definite (stands with the definite article), the second part must consequently take on the definite article, too. If needed, it can be translated into English with the help of the possessive preposition ‘of’:
If the first noun is a noun that takes on possessive suffixes of the restricted series (cf. Grammar 5a.2) it can take on the possessive suffix in definite genitive constructions. In this case, only the second noun takes on the definite article.
In this definite genitive construction, the second noun can, where possible, take on a possessive suffix instead of the definite article:
Some genitive constructions are set expressions:
b) The independent possessive pronoun
The independent possessive pronoun is formed by means of the particle diḏ- ܕܝܕ݂ـ in combination with the possessive suffixes of the restricted series (cf. Grammar 5a.2):